Acne is a common problem found in almost 90% of teens and affecting 50% to 70% of adult women. Acne occurs when dead skin cells combine with the skin’s natural oil to clog up the skin pores.
Acne may have started in your teen years, when the testosterone hormone in your body causes excess production of oil under your skin which lead to those awful breakouts. Or, you may have begun experiencing acne breakouts in your adult years.
Acne is common, complex, chronic and not curable. But it is controllable. Therefore, it is important that you understand what type of acne you have and seek treatment as soon as possible to avoid scarring.
What you need to do is to understand the nature of your skin and use a combination of skin care treatments that will not cause irritation to your skin.
If your acne prone skin causes you to have severe breakouts it may be advisable for you to seek the counsel of a licensed health care professional.
If your acne is the mild type, you can treat it on your own using a combination of ways such as dieting, life style changes and taking the preventive measures.
How to treat acne prone skin
Following are some ways you can do to reduce the effects of acne and its damage to your skin.
(1) Wash your face with lukewarm water regularly, but don’t scrub
Clean your face gently twice a day. When washing your face, use your hands, as any terrycloth or other scrubbing material may cause acne sores to rupture. Don’t use abrasive exfoliating cleansers, which can irritate.
Avoid using soaps. They may contain chemicals which can irritate your skin. Soaps may also rob your skin of its protective barrier, and many of them have a pH higher than your skin, which can negatively alter your skin chemistry.
(2) Having the right diet rich in skin-friendly food
It is important to know which foods wreak the most havoc on the health of your skin. Some of the most common foods to steer clear of include those which are high in salt, saturated fats and refined sugar.
Take a lot of fruits and vegetables because they contain a type of Vitamin A called carotenoids which may provide benefits similar to those provided by retinoid drugs — medications to treat acne. Rich sources of carotenoids include carrot juice, carrots, spinach, kale, cantaloupe, vegetable soup, mangos, papaya, instant fortified oatmeal, frozen peas and tomato juice.
Take foods that are rich in omega-3 fatty acids because they contain essential fats that may help prevent or reduce the occurrence of acne. Therefore your diet should include fatty fish, such as salmon, tuna, mackerel, halibut, herring, flounder and lake trout, ground flaxseed, flaxseed oil, walnuts and walnut oil.
Consume a variety of whole grains, such as oats, spelt, millet, bulgur, whole wheat, brown rice, wild rice, quinoa and popcorn, regularly for best potential results. This is because whole grains may enhance healthy hormonal balance and lead to reduced acne symptoms.
Drink a lot of water during daytime to keep your skin hydrated. This can also help to detoxify your skin.
(3) Choose oil-free make-up products
If you wear makeup, use an oil-free foundation. Heavy makeup or other cosmetic products that block pores may cause a flare-up of acne. Concealers are available in many shades that will cover up the pimples and treat them at the same time. Matte finishes in foundation, blush and eye-shadow are best for oily skin.
If you need to use a moisturizer, use only light, non-comedogenic moisturizers, which are oil- free. Choose those that contain anti-bacterial agents for acne-prone skin. This type of product may be your best option.
(4) Use a mild cleanser or medicated cleansers with either salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide in the morning and before bedtime
Try an acne treatment based either on salicylic acid or a low strength of benzoyl peroxide, less than 2.5%. Salicylic acid, which is derived from plants, is one of the most effective anti-acne chemicals on the market. It works by encouraging the shedding of dead — and potentially pore-clogging — skin cells. It also helps shrink blackheads and whiteheads.
Benzyl peroxide works by breaking up dead skin cells that can clog pores. It has the added benefit of killing the bacteria that help contribute to acne.
Your skin may initially become more irritated in the first few days of application, but this should settle down after a few days. Both salicylic acid and benzyl peroxide can take a while to be effective, so give it a good four to six weeks to kick in.
When you choose a new product on your face, always test the product on a small patch of skin on your arm or behind the ear to see if you are sensitive to the product.
Apply the treatment of your choice once or twice each day after washing your face, depending on the directions on the package. If the product causes too much irritation (e.g., redness, stinging, or peeling), then you should switch to a lower-strength product or use it less frequently.
For more information to treat acne prone skin, go to ClearPores.com.